National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 was passed
by Parliament on 23rd August 2005 and it was promulgated
on 7th September 2005. Based on the Act the scheme of National
Rural Employment Guarantee scheme was ceremoniously launched
by the Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh on Feb 2, 2006.
Initially it covered 200 districts of the country and in
the coming three-years all the 600 districts are to be covered
in a phased manner. It has been envisaged under section-3
of the Act that the state government shall, in such rural
areas in the state as may be notified by the Central Government,
provide to every household whose adult members volunteer
to do unskilled manual work, not less than one hundred days
of such work in a financial year in accordance with the
scheme made under the Act. For the purposes of giving effect
to the provision of Section-3, every state Government shall
within six months from the date of commencement of this
Act, by notification make a scheme for providing not less
than one hundred days of Guaranteed employment in a financial
year to every household in the rural areas covered under
the scheme and whose adult members, by application, volunteer
to do unskilled manual work subject to the conditions laid
down by or under the Act and in the scheme.
here for more details....