National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

The Act

The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (NREGA) was passed by Parliament on 5th September, 2005 with a view to enhancing the livelihood security of the households in rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual labour. This work guarantee can also serve other objectives: generating productive asset, protecting the environment, empowering rural women, reducing rural urban migration and fostering social equity, among others. However, the central or state governments may, written the limits of its economic capacity and development, make provisions for securing works to every adult member of a household under the scheme for any period beyond the period guaranteed under section 3(1) of the Act. This Act was initially promulgated in 200 backward districts of the country since second Feb., 2006 and it was envisaged to cover up the entire country in a phased manner within a span of 5 year. During the year 2007-2008 it has been extended to 330 districts of the country.

 The Scheme

NREGA calls for the formulation of a Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (REGS) by every State Government within Six months of the date of commencement of the Act. Each REGS was required to have the minimum features specified in schedules I and II of the Act. The Section-4 of the Act also provided that until such a scheme is notified by the state Government, the Annual or Perspective Plan of the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna (SGRY) or National Food for Work Programme (NFFWP), whichever is enforce in that area, shall be deemed to be the Action Plan for the scheme for the purpose of this Act.

U.P. Scenario
As per guidelines issued by the Ministry of Rural Development (MOPR), New Delhi the scheme of NREGS was initiated in the state of Uttar Pradesh also since Feb. 2nd, 2006 in 22 district of the State through an executive order. However, State cabinet accorded to approval and 23rd May, 2006. The scheme, as required under section-4 of the Act, was formulated by the state Government on 8th Feb, 2006, i.e., after the year of the enactment of the Act and the NREGS was designated as Uttar Pradesh Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (UPREGS) after the gazette notification of 8th Feb. 2007. New during the current financial year the scheme has been extended to 17 New Districts.

Salient Features of UPREGS

  • Objective of the Scheme : Adopted the in toto the provision of the Act.
  • Eligibility :
  • A Household : The available 100 days' employment will be divided amongst all the its willing adult members.
  • The household members must reside in Gram Panchayat area.
  • The willing members must seek registration for Job Cards.
  • Must obtain Job Cards.
  • Must apply for the manual unskilled labour.
  • Must turn up at the site for the work.
  • The registered ladies must be given preference for work atleast upto 33 percent.
    The disabled registered workers must be given work to according to their ability and capability.

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