Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (NREGA) was
passed by Parliament on 5th September, 2005 with a view
to enhancing the livelihood security of the households in
rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred
days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year
to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled
manual labour. This work guarantee can also serve other
objectives: generating productive asset, protecting the
environment, empowering rural women, reducing rural urban
migration and fostering social equity, among others. However,
the central or state governments may, written the limits
of its economic capacity and development, make provisions
for securing works to every adult member of a household
under the scheme for any period beyond the period guaranteed
under section 3(1) of the Act. This Act was initially promulgated
in 200 backward districts of the country since second Feb.,
2006 and it was envisaged to cover up the entire country
in a phased manner within a span of 5 year. During the year
2007-2008 it has been extended to 330 districts of the country.
calls for the formulation of a Rural Employment Guarantee
Scheme (REGS) by every State Government within Six months
of the date of commencement of the Act. Each REGS was required
to have the minimum features specified in schedules I and
II of the Act. The Section-4 of the Act also provided that
until such a scheme is notified by the state Government,
the Annual or Perspective Plan of the Sampoorna Grameen
Rozgar Yojna (SGRY) or National Food for Work Programme
(NFFWP), whichever is enforce in that area, shall be deemed
to be the Action Plan for the scheme for the purpose of
As per guidelines issued by the Ministry of Rural Development
(MOPR), New Delhi the scheme of NREGS was initiated in the
state of Uttar Pradesh also since Feb. 2nd, 2006 in 22 district
of the State through an executive order. However, State
cabinet accorded to approval and 23rd May, 2006. The scheme,
as required under section-4 of the Act, was formulated by
the state Government on 8th Feb, 2006, i.e., after the year
of the enactment of the Act and the NREGS was designated
as Uttar Pradesh Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (UPREGS)
after the gazette notification of 8th Feb. 2007. New during
the current financial year the scheme has been extended
to 17 New Districts.
Features of UPREGS
of the Scheme : Adopted the in toto the provision of the
Household : The available 100 days' employment will be
divided amongst all the its willing adult members.
household members must reside in Gram Panchayat area.
willing members must seek registration for Job Cards.
obtain Job Cards.
apply for the manual unskilled labour.
turn up at the site for the work.
registered ladies must be given preference for work atleast
upto 33 percent.
The disabled registered workers must be given work to
according to their ability and capability.
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